Following on the success of Der Schatz Im Silbersee
and othe West German Western movies, the East German DEFA studios produced ten Westerns for the home, Eastern bloc and international market. These utilized the struggle of American Indians against the advancing United States as inspirational, but tragic examples of anti-imperialist and anti-capitalist struggle. In keeping with this, the films were not called Westerns, but Indianerfilme
The films were shot at various locations in the East European locations, with for instance the Caucasus doubling for the Black Hills of Dakota
. A few of the films were based on literary works, but most were taken directly from history. And Gojko Mitic played the lead in all of them.
- Die Söhne der großen Bärin (The Sons of the Great She-Bear, 1965): Based on the novel by Lieselotte Welskopf-Henrich.
- Chingachgook, die große Schlange (Chingachgook, the Great Snake, 1966): Based on The Leatherstocking Tales by James Fenimore Cooper.
- Brennende Zelte in den Schwarzen Bergen aka Spur des Falken (Burning Tents in the Black Hills or Tracks of the Falcon, 1968)
- Weiße Wölfe (White Wolves, 1969): Sequel to the preceding.
- Tödlicher Irrtum (Deadly Mistake, 1969)
- Tecumseh (1972)
- Apachen (1973)
- Osceola (1973)
- Ulzana (1974)
- Blutsbrüder (Blood Brothers, 1975): Written by and starring singer/actor Dean Reed, who had defected from the US.
These films contain examples of: